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发布日期:2021年07月24日
Phosphate Testing

As an important component of Phosphate Project Development we can develop a phosphate testing  program  from rock to fertilizers. A testing program can include: characterization studies; bench-scale and pilot plant beneficiation studies; continuous phosphoric acid pilot plant testing; and batch granular fertilizer production and testing.

The following table summarizes some of the material testing steps required for Scoping Studies, Pre-Feasibility Studies, and Bankable Feasibility Studies.

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Study Type
Scoping Pre-Feasibility Bankable Feasibility
Mineral characterizationMM1313午夜视频在线观看 MM1313午夜视频无删减 琪琪 MM1313午夜视频在线观看 MM1313午夜视频无删减 琪琪 ,少妇美女极品美軳人人体在线观看 少妇美女极品美軳人 少妇美女极品美軳人人体在线观看 少妇美女极品美軳人   Preliminary Final
Bench-Scale Beneficiation   PreliminaryFinal
Pilot Plant Beneficiation   Produce phosphate rock for Phosphoric acid tests Process Optimization
Phosphoric Acid
Pilot Plant
Chemical Analysis

Reactivity Tests

Route selection
(DH, HH, or HDH),
Quality
Process Optimization

Basic Engineering Guarantees

Bench-Scale
Fertilizer Testing
   Fertilizer analysis
Fertilizer Samples

Mineral characterization studies

Before developing a bench-scale testing program, the ore will be characterized. Components of this are:

  • Physical properties: Wi, SMC tests, density, SG, and PSD
  • Chemical properties and screen assays: as a minimum, P2O5, CaO, SiO2, Fe2O3, Al2O3, MgO
  • Mineralogical studies: QEMSCAN, liberation, X-ray diffraction

 Bench-Scale Beneficiation Testing

Our lab is used for flexible small-scale beneficiation testing. Beneficiation is the process where ore is reduced in size and impurities separated to achieved the Labgeneralrequired Minor Element Ratio or MER in the concentrate (rock) and P2O5 grade. [MER is defined as (% Fe2O3 + Al2O3 + % MgO / % P2O5)]. Low MER is important for the rock to be processed to phosphoric acid and fertilizers.

Since all phosphate deposits have unique mineralogy, the beneficiation process is specific to each deposit. Separation of certain minerals can be efficiently achieved by taking advantage of the physical, electrical and magnetic properties.

The data obtained from batch scale tests, can be used to scale up to pilot plant testing and flowsheet design.

Unit operations that can be tested include:

  • Crushing
  • Grinding (rod or ball mill)
  • Desliming
  • Sizing
  • Reagent Conditioning
  • Flotation
  • Gravity Separation
  • Magnetic Separation

Beneficiation Pilot Plant

bench-2

Our lab is used for flexible small-scale beneficiation testing. Beneficiation is the process where ore is reduced in size and impurities separated to achieved the required Minor Element Ratio or MER in the concentrate (rock) and P2O5 grade. [MER is defined as (% Fe2O3 + Al2O3 + % MgO / % P2O5)]. Low MER is important for the rock to be processed to phosphoric acid and fertilizers.

Since all phosphate deposits have unique mineralogy, the beneficiation process is specific to each deposit. Separation of certain minerals can be efficiently achieved by taking advantage of the physical, electrical and magnetic properties.

The data obtained from batch scale tests, can be used to scale up to pilot plant testing and flowsheet design.

Beneficiation Pilot Plant

We develop flow sheets from bench-scale laboratory data and use this information to design and perform continuous beneficiation pilot plant tests. The facility we use has extensive inventories of pilot plant equipment of differing capacities which enables it to simulate most process flow sheets.

Pilot plant testing is used to develop engineering design criteria and process operating parameters, and is used to define process efficiency typically for determining economic process feasibility. Furthermore, the pilot plant is often used to provide bulk samples for product evaluation in the marketplace. We subcontract Pilot Plant testing which is carried out under our supervision.

Phosphoric Acid Pilot Plant

bench-3

The purpose of the KEMWorks Phosphoric Acid Pilot Plant is to determine the behavior of phosphate rock under conditions typical of an industrial phosphoric acid plant. Because the chemical composition and mineralogy of phosphate rocks varies widely from deposit to deposit (and usually within a deposit) so will the process conditions and the results vary for different phosphate rock.

The plant can be operated to simulate the three major process routes: dihydrate (DH), hemihydrate (HH) and Hemidihydrate (HDH).

The pilot plant that can process between 0.5 and 2 kg/h of phosphate rock is designed to provide the major data required to design an industrial plant. This will include:

  • Reactor Volume
  • Filtration Rate
  • P2O5 recovery
  • Sulfuric acid consumption
  • Corrosion rates
  • Defoamer requirements
  • Acid analysis
  • Sludge formation
  • MAP, DAP, SSP, TSP and animal feeds (MCP and DCP) grade and physical characteristics.

Uranium Recovery

bench-4Several companies extracted uranium as yellow cake from phosphoric acid until the price dropped below the cost of production in the early 1990s.

Now uranium prices have rebounded and nuclear energy is considered by many one of the best alternatives to meet climate change targets and reduce dependence on foreign oil.

In conjunction with K-Technologies, KEMWorks offers the conventional solvent extraction (SX) process using DEPA-TOPO that became the standard in the 1980s. We have also developed two Advanced Technologies that offer significant reductions in capital and operating costs, and eliminates the disadvantages of the kerosene carrier used in the SX process.

K-Technologies operates a pilot plant near Lakeland where we can test your phosphoric acid and provide an estimate of capital and operating costs for any of these three technologies.

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